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Tyre recycling

Overview

While waste tyres are not classified as hazardous waste, they can cause environmental pollution if disposed of incorrectly or irresponsibly.An estimated 35,000 tonnes of waste tyres are generated in Ireland each year.

Waste tyres can be put to many beneficial uses when they reach their end of life. The rubber from shredded tyres has many uses, such as in playgrounds, as equine bedding or on football pitches. Furthermore the steel recovered from recycled tyres is a valuable resource. Tyres can also be retreaded - a retreaded truck tyre requires only 33% of the oil utilised in manufacturing a new one, a saving of up to 56 litres each time a truck tyre is retreaded.

The Waste Management (Tyres and Waste Tyres) Regulations 2007 are designed to promote the environmentally sound management of waste tyres. They provide a regulatory framework for comparing quantities of waste tyres arising against the quantities placed on the market, and in tracking the movement of waste tyres from the time they are discarded, until they are either reused or processed for recycling and/or recovery. By implementing a well organized and traceable system for the collection and disposal of tyres, this valuable resource is put to best use. It also prevents the likelyhood of environmental pollution associated with the incorrect disposal of waste tyres.

Regulation and compliance

Since 1 January 2008, under the Waste Management (Tyres and Waste Tyres) Regulations 2007, anyone who supplies tyres commercially to the Irish market, whether as manufacturers, wholesalers, suppliers, traders or retailers have been obliged to comply with the regulations, and record the movement and environmentally sound management of all tyres generated in Ireland. These regulations also apply to anyone involved in collection or recovery / recycling of waste tyres, and anyone using waste tyres incidentally in their business activity i.e. farming, marinas.

Anyone involved in the commercial tyre industry in the Local Authority area of County Clare must do one of the following:

  • Register annually by February 1st with Clare County Council as a self-complier.
  • Register annually by February 1st with an Approved Body as outlined under the Regulations.

Self compliance

Self-compliance with Clare County Council under the tyres and waste tyres regulations involves strict and onerous reporting obligations. For information on self-compliance registration, please contact the waste enforcement section of Clare County Council at (065) 6846331.

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Approved bodies

As of January 2017, there is one approved body under the regulations:

  • REPAK ELT

Their function is to record the movement and, ultimately, the environmentally sound management of all tyres generated in Ireland, from the manufacturer to the retailer and supplier, and on to the consumer and finally to the collection and recovery/recycling of the waste tyres.

The contact details for the approved body is:

  • REPAK ELT  
    Red Cow Interchange Estate,
    Clondalkin,
    Dublin 22,
    D22 HW67
    Email: info@repakelt.ie,
    Tel: (01) 4618600,
    Fax: (01) 4030929

Farm or incidental use

Provision has been made in the regulations to enable a farmer who requires waste tyres to anchor silage covering to store up to eight waste tyres for every square metre of the floor area of his or her silage pit, without the need to have a waste permit. An example of the quantities permitted is as follows:

Floor area width (Metres) Floor area length (Metres) Floor area (Square Metres) Number of tyres permitted
10 10 100 800
10 15 150 1,200
10 20 200 1,600
12 12 144 1,152
12 17 204 1,632
12 22 264 2,112

Others requiring waste tyres for genuine and incidental reuse, such as marinas, will be able to source waste tyres subject to the approval of local authorities and compliance with the existing regulations governing waste permits. It will be a matter for each local authority to adjudicate each case on its own merits, having regard to best environmental practice.

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Waste tyre regulations for farmers - FAQ

From 1st January 2008 new regulations on the management of waste tyres came into force.

They affect those placing tyres on the market (producers and retailers), collectors of waste tyres and persons using waste tyres, such as farmers to anchor silage pits.

Do I have to do a stock take of waste tyres on my farm?

No.

The new regulations on waste tyres only apply to the movement of waste tyres used for anchoring silage from 1 January 2008 onwards.

Prior to 1st January 2008, the number of tyres on my farm used for anchoring a silage pit or pits exceeded 8 waste tyres per square metre.  Do I have to get rid of the surplus?

No.

You will only need to ensure that you do not exceed 8 waste tyres per square metre of your silage pit once you move waste tyres used for anchoring silage covering on or off your farm from 1 January 2008 onwards.

You must, however, ensure that all waste tyres are stored at all times in an manner which would not endanger human health or harm the environment, and in particular would not –

  • Create a risk to waters, the atmosphere, land, soil, plants or animals
  • Adversely affect the visual impact on the landscape
  • Pose a fire risk by virtue of the manner in which the waste tyres are being stored
  • Result in mixing with other waste streams (e.g. farm plastics, empty containers) when stored

Can I get waste tyres to anchor silage pit covering?

Yes, provided–

  • You have a valid herd or flock number issued by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
  • You are using your silage pit to store fodder
  • You do not store more than the permitted amount of waste tyres

How do I get waste tyres?

As a farmer you can obtain waste tyres from one of two routes:

  1. From an authorised waste collector who is registered with an Approved Body such as TRACS or Tyre Waste Management Ltd. or with your local authority and has a valid waste collection permit authorising the transport waste tyres.  You, the farmer, are not required to be registered under this option.
  2. Directly from a tyre fitter or retail outlet provided that you, the farmer, are registered with an Approved Body such as TRACS or Tyre Waste Management Ltd. or with your local authority and that the tyre fitter or retail outlet, where waste tyres are being sourced, is registered with an Approved Body such as TRACS or Tyre Waste Management Ltd. or with their local authority.

If you are offered waste tyres from a waste collector, you should check that the person or company offering them has a valid waste collection permit for transporting waste tyres.

How do I register?

There are a number of options open to the farmer in terms of registration:

Complete, sign and submit the attached Farmer’s registration application form and annual registration fee of €20 to the:

Waste Enforcement Section, 
Clare County Council, 
Áras Contae an Chláir, 
New Road, 
Ennis, 
Co. Clare

or

Register as a farmer with the approved  body under the above regulations:

  • REPAK ELT  
    Red Cow Interchange Estate,
    Clondalkin,
    Dublin 22,
    D22 HW67
    Email: info@repakelt.ie,
    Tel: (01) 4618600,
    Fax: (01) 4030992                                                  
                                

I do not use waste tyres for anchoring silage, can I still store waste tyres?

Yes, provided they are incidental to your business as a farmer and do not exceed the number of tyres on your farm vehicles (e.g. a tractor and single axle trailer allows you to store 6 waste tyres).

How many waste tyres can I store to anchor silage?

8 tyres for each square metre of your silage pit.

I no longer use waste tyres for anchoring silage. What should I do with them?

You as the holder of the waste tyres are responsible for ensuring that waste tyres are disposed of in a responsible manner.

You can only transfer waste tyres to an authorised waste collector with a permit to transport waste tyres. Make sure that the collector who collects or supplies you with waste tyres has a valid waste collection permit.

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Content Last Updated/Reviewed: 26/05/17